Tierra del Fuego
This island territory at the tip of South America is shared by Chile and Argentina and is a place of staggering scenery. Though further south the region does not reach the extreme temperatures of neighbouring Patagonia, but it is still not for the faint-hearted. The principal tourist destination is Ushuaia, in the south, the base for visiting the dramatic Canal Beagle, trekking in the Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego and the mountain ranges of southern Tierra del Fuego (with its magnificent scenery of lakes, snow-capped mountains and beechwood forests). There is less reason to visit the north of the island unless you are a keen fly-fishermen heading to the Río Grande, the world's best brown-trout river. Ushuaia is also the place to go if you want to go to Antarctica, since many ships depart from there on journeys stopping at several islands and taking in penguin colonies, seal and sea lion colonies, massive sea bird colonies, and more. The Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse is another attraction found in Ushuiaia, and the area plays hosts to a few small ski resorts, featuring both downhill and cross-country skiing. The Biennial of Contemporary Art at the End of the World has been hosted in Ushuiaia since 2007, gathering over 100 artists from five continents focused on thinking about a better world.