The castle of Lykourgos Logothetis a magnificent example of defensive architecture. It is situated to the southwest of the port of Pithagorio, and it was built at the beginning of the 19th century and played a vital role in the Greek Revolution against Turkish rule. The castle was built, with the help of many locals, out of the remains of ancient buildings and monuments, to help repel the invaders and it became the headquarters of the revolutionary movement in Samos and the main asset in their defense against the Ottoman navy. It is named after the local leader of the revolution. There is a temple next door to the castle which commemorates the victory of 6 August 1824 when Samos successfully resisted an attack by the Turks - the anniversary is still celebrated at the church annually. Lykourgos has wonderful views and many interesting architectural features. The hill on which the castle is located may be the oldest acropolis in Samos as a number of prehistoric artefacts have been discovered there, making the whole area captivating and rather mysterious. Kids will probably enjoy exploring the castle as much as adults so it makes a good excursion for the whole family.
Address: South-west of Pythagorio