Plaza de la Independencia
The square, also known as Plaza Grande, has always been the heart of the city, and as the hub of the old centre, it is the best place to sit and people-watch. Around the square are the Cathedral, the City Hall, the Government Palace and the Archbishop's Palace, the most notable municipal and religious buildings in the city. The cathedral, the oldest church in South America, is one of the city's most impressive historical and architectural sites. Both the Government Palace and the cathedral were scenes of shocking murders: in 1875 President García Moreno was murdered by machete, and in 1877, the Bishop of Quito was poisoned during a Good Friday Mass.