Samaipata, Bolivia © Patrick Furlong
Two hours' drive southwest of Santa Cruz lies the tiny village of Samaipata, home to a diverse array of local tribes and some beautiful examples of Spanish colonial architecture. Samaipata has several important attractions - more so than one would expect from a town of its size - including El Fuerte, a set of pre-Incan ruins designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the waterfalls of Las Cuevas.
Samaipata is also conveniently located near stunning natural attractions like the diverse flora and fauna of Amboro Park; the three-and-a-half-mile (5,700m) tall Condor Mountain, considered the Matterhorn of the Andes; and the stunning 262 feet (80m) high La Pajcha Waterfall. Samaipata is also home to the former grave of Ernesto 'Che' Guevara, and is the start and end point of the Che Guevara Trail, which visits sites of interest including his guerrilla camp and school.