Vysehrad, a hill fort perched on a rock above the river, is an integral part of the Prague skyline. The castle is thought to date back as far as the 10th century and there are claims that Vysehrad was the first inhabited area of Prague, but they have not yet been fully proven. The twin spires of the Neo-Gothic Saints Peter and Paul Church are visible from afar and the façade has beautiful carvings. No other site in the city has as much distinction attached to it. Behind the church is the Slavin Cemetery where many distinguished Czech artists, scientists and academics are buried. The hill also boasts the oldest surviving building in Prague, the Rotunda of St Martin, from the 11th century. From the battlements the view of the Vltava valley is superb, and many tourists in Prague come to Vysehrad simply to take pictures of the impressive vista.

Address: V Pevnosti 159/5b, Prague 2

Website: www.praha-vysehrad.cz

Telephone: 241 410 247 or 241 410 348

Transport: Metro to Vysehrad on the C line.

Opening times: Daily 9:30am to 6pm (April to October), 9:30am to 5pm (November to March)

Admission: Vysehrad Gallery: CZK 20; the Brick Gate: CZK 20; Casemate: CZK 50. Concessions available. Entrance to the grounds is free.