Sea lion, Kangaroo Island ©
Australia's third largest island is home to colonies of sea lions, fairy penguins, pelicans, marine life and, of course, kangaroos, and provides so much to do and discover that visitors are advised to stay for at least two days. Kangaroo Island is situated eight miles (13km) from the mainland of South Australia. It is inhabited by a small farming community that produces speciality foods - this, combined with the fact that the fishing is excellent, means it is worth visiting for the food alone. The island separated from the mainland during the last Ice Age, and has many plants and animals no longer found elsewhere. A third of the island is protected to preserve the natural heritage. Organised tours visit the parks and protected waterways, or visitors can self-guide with the aid of a walking trails brochure available at the tourist office and many of the hotels. Walking close to the wildlife is a unique experience - glance around at kangaroos, wallabies, goannas, echidnas, possums and platypus; and along the coast watch dolphins, penguins and seals frolic.
Address: Howard Drive, Penneshaw (Kangaroo Island Gateway Visitor Information Centre)