Livingstone © Gary Bembridge
Livingstone, also known as Maramba, is a historic colonial city on the southern border of Zambia. Incorporated as part of Northern Rhodesia under Cecil John Rhodes, the town gained prominence in the 19th century as a trading hub for passage across the Zambezi River. As trade and industry in the region has declined, the town has embraced the tourist trade that comes naturally to it. Just six miles (10km) from the Zambezi River, Livingstone is a popular gateway to the mighty Victoria Falls and has benefitted from the hordes of tourists that flock there each year. Its colonial past means the city has a number of historical buildings, and several decent museums devoted to archaeology, history, ethnography, geology, railways, and of course the town's namesake: David Livingstone. Livingstone also has a surprisingly festive nightlife, with a number of bars and clubs frequented by tourists and expats. Livingstone has a thriving backpackers scene, making it a favourite with budget travellers, but there are also some luxury lodges nestled into gorgeous riverside settings. It is the perfect base for whitewater rafting, bungee jumping and visiting the falls. It is also well situated as a gateway to the abundant nature and wildlife of southern Zambia. Mosi-oa-Tunya National Park offers bird watching and game safaris, and a number of game cruises are available along the Zambezi River.