Ggantija Temples © Jennifer Morrow
Two massive megaliths were carved into temples by the pre-Phoenician Gozitans somewhere between 4,100 and 2,500 BC, and now stand on the island as mysterious monuments to a bygone age. Legend has it that they were transported to the island by a giantess called Sansuna, hence the name of the site, Ggantija, which means 'giant'. Large stone balls in the area, however, have led archaeologists to conclude that the massive blocks were rolled into place atop these. The two temples have a common facade but each has a separate entrance; one is larger than the other. It is believed both originally had roofing made of wooden beams, and that sacrifices of animals were made in the temples during rituals.
The temples, along with other similar temples on the main island of Malta, have been documented as the oldest free standing structures in the world. The Ggantija Temples are a famous UNESCO World Heritage Site and they are very impressive, but the site is not equipped with as much information as some visitors might desire; it is best to do some research beforehand or to join a guided tour as the experience is greatly enriched by some knowledge. A Visitor Center is under construction which should solve this slight problem.
Address: Temples Street, Xaghra