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Fort San Pedro

Fort San Pedro © Ramirez72
Fort San Pedro © Ramirez72

Located in Cebu City's wharf area, Fort San Pedro was the centre of the country's first Spanish settlement. Established in 1565, it began as a single triangular bastion, and was expanded and fortified over the next 200 years. The fort has also served a variety of purposes, seeing use as a watch-tower to counter pirate attacks in the 1700s, a prison for local rebels during the Philippine Revolution, and a US army barracks. Today, the fort has been turned into a museum park, where visitors can encounter the island's history. The small, well-preserved site often hosts cultural events, and student guides are usually on hand to show travellers around and provide background. Tours are free, though tips are appreciated.