Hohensalzburg Fortress © Jiuguang Wang
The 11th-century Hohensalzburg Castle stands on a rocky outcrop approximately 394ft (120m) above the city. Although originally built by Archbishop Gebhard to repel attacks from the neighbouring Bavarians, the present-day fortress was largely rebuilt in the early 16th century by Archbishop Leonhard Von Keutschach, who added the grand state apartments.
Visitors can walk around the courtyard and outskirts of the fortress at no cost unless they take the guided tour around the state apartments. The tour finishes at two small museums that display a selection of weapons, uniforms, and armour, together with instruments of torture such as the Schandmasken which petty criminals had to don as punishment for their crimes. The castle can be reached by funicular or by a walking path.
Address: Mönchsberg 34
Telephone: +43 662 8424 3011
Opening times: 9.30 am to 5pm January to April; 9am to 7pm May to September; 9.30am to 5pm October to December. Times may vary on holidays.
Admission: €15.50 for guided tours