Hohensalzburg Fortress © Jiuguang Wang
The 11th-century Hohensalzburg Castle stands on a rocky outcrop approximately 394ft (120m) above the city. Originally built by Archbishop Gebhard to repel attacks from the neighbouring Bavarians, the present-day fortress was largely rebuilt in the early 16th century with added grand state apartments. Visitors can walk around the courtyard and outskirts of the fortress at no cost unless they take the guided tour. The tour finishes at two small museums displaying a selection of weapons, uniforms and armour, together with villainous instruments of torture. The castle can be reached by funicular or by a walking path.