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What to see in Sofia

Sofia Attractions


The old and new collide in Sofia, where ancient cultures meet with the modernisation begun when the Iron Curtain fell. Today, architecture lovers will see a delightful mixture of Thracian, Byzantine, Roman and Slavic buildings, including the multi-domed Byzantine Alexandar Nesli Memorial Church, the medieval art of the Bryana Church (a UNESCO world heritage site), and the Russian Church of St. Nicholas.

Sofia's attractions also include a wealth of museums and galleries, such as the National Historical Museum, the Museum of Earth and Men, the Bulgarian National Gallery of Arts, the Ethnographical Museum, and the Sofia City Art Gallery. Otherwise, visitors should venture to the Sofia Zoological Garden, Sofia City Garden (with its cafes, fountains and playgrounds), and the famous Turkish Mineral Baths.

The city's shopping highlights include Zhenski Paxar or 'women's market', which is open to both men and women, and offers fresh food, flowers and basic goods. The market doesn't carry many souvenirs but is worth visiting for its bustling atmosphere. Tsentralni Hali (Central Food Halls) is another busy market. Housed in a neo-Renaissance building, shoppers will find wine, fresh food, coffee, and other treats.

Sofia is a relatively safe city. Violent crime is rare, but pickpocketing is common in the city centre - as is the case with all large metropolises.


Alexander Nevsky Cathedral

One of the finest examples of 20th-century architecture in Sofia, and one of the most iconic buildings in the city, the magnificent Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built between 1882 and 1912 to honour…

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Boyana Church

The Boyana Church complex - located on the outskirts of Sofia - is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and one of Bulgaria's most important tourist attractions. The first of the three buildings that make…

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National Ethnographic Museum

The National Ethnographic Museum in downtown Sofia has one of the richest collections of cultural artefacts on the Balkan Peninsula, representing the traditions, arts, crafts and lifestyle of the Bulgarian…

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St George Rotunda

The rotunda church of St George is considered to be the oldest building in Sofia, dating back to the 4th century, and is situated amid the remains of the ancient Roman town of Serdica. The St George…

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St. Sofia Church

The St Sofia Church, also called the Hagia Sophia Church, is the oldest Eastern Orthodox church in the city, dating from the 4th to 6th century, and is regarded as one of the most significant examples…

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Vitosha Mountain

Rising above the capital city of Sofia, Vitosha Mountain is one of the symbols of the capital and is the most visited mountain in Bulgaria. Starting where the suburbs end, the whole mountain has been…

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