The best way to explore Florence is on foot: the city centre is compact, and traffic is restricted. There is a comprehensive bus network (ATAF) operating from 5.30am until midnight. Tickets are valid for either 70 minutes for a single-use ticket, or multiple-ride tickets of four 70 minute-uses can also be purchased. Tickets must be validated by punching them in a machine when you board the bus. Tickets, and various bus passes, are available from any vendor displaying the ATAF sticker, such as newsagents, automatic dispensers, coffee bars and on-board the bus. Tickets cost €1.20 beforehand, or €2 if bought on the bus, and exact change is needed.
Florence has also started an open-top sightseeing bus tour of all the city's major sights. These tour buses leave every half hour in summer and every hour in winter. This hop-on, hop-off tour stops at 15 sights around Florence, such as Piazzale Michelangelo and Santa Croce. There are two routes but only one ticket is needed. Tickets are valid for 24 hours, and cost €22.
Using taxis in Florence is difficult, as they cannot be hailed on the street. Taxi ranks are to be found outside the train station and most tourist sites, or they can be called. The flag fee is €3.20, additional fees are charged for luggage, as well as nighttime and Sunday travel. Women travelling alone between the city-centre and their hotel or apartment from 9pm to 2am can ask for a 10 percent discount on their taxi fare.
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