Travellers visiting Antananarivo will find themselves getting around mostly by foot. There is, however, an affordable and efficient mini-bus service, known as taxi be, that runs regularly throughout the city. The fares are usually at least half the price of a regular taxi but since most tourists are not familiar with the routes and aren't comfortable being packed into a taxi be like a tin of sardines, regular taxis are the preferred method of transport for travellers. Be sure to negotiate the fare with the driver before entering the taxi. Car rental agencies can be found throughout Antananarivo for visitors wanting to explore the city in their own time and renting a car is useful if you want to go on excursions out of the city but the roads are not in a good condition and driving can be stressful and dangerous.
Air Madagascar connects Antananarivo to 51 towns on the island, although flights do not depart daily for most locations and air travel can be much more expensive than going by train or bus. The train journey between the capital and Toamasina, and between Fianarantsoa and Manakara, is recommended for its scenery. Buses and taxi-brousse are the most commonly used form of transport for the local population and are generally overcrowded, leave at irregular times, and are slow. The island has just three main roads (from Tana to Mahajanga, to Toamasina and to Tuléar), with dirt tracks covering the rest of the country, and many roads are impassable during the rainy season. Car hire is not common and not generally recommended, but agencies can be found in the main tourist towns.
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