Travel Health Advice - HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
What is it? The HIV virus attacks the immune system making patients susceptible to a range of secondary infections and diseases. Symptoms of HIV Aids include: genital ulcer, pelvic inflammatory disease, urethral discharge and vaginal discharge. How is it transmitted? Through unprotected sexual intercourse, blood transfusion with contaminated plasma, or use of shared needles. Where is it present? Worldwide. Level of risk? Directly proportional to the level of risk behaviours engaged. Risk is high if engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse. What can I do to prevent getting it? Condom use, avoid sharing needles, insist on sterilised instruments when receiving medical or dental treatment. Treatment? Antiretrovirals and palliative treatment of the various symptoms of secondary infection. As yet no cure available.