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Travel Health Advice - Plague

Plague

What is it? A bacterial infection that occurs in various forms, the best known of which is Bubonic plague. Symptoms of plague are diverse and if left untreated the condition is fatal. How is it transmitted? Plague is carried by rodents and transmitted to humans from fleas. Only in pneumonic plague does human-to-human transmission occur. Where is it present? Africa, South America and large parts of Asia. Level of risk? Low, but relative to the exposure to rodents. What can I do to prevent getting it? High-risk individuals can take a vaccine, but generally avoid contact with rodents, dead or alive. Treatment? Intensive antibiotics, specifically treptomycin or gentamycin.


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