What to see in Armenia

Armenia Attractions

Despite some truly heavy-hitting historical and cultural attractions, including three UNESCO World Heritage Sites, Armenia remains an underappreciated tourist destination. As the first country in the world to adopt Christianity it is no surprise that Armenia is dotted with ancient churches and monasteries, making the country primarily a religious tourist destination. Being off the radar of package tours and a little hard to get to actually adds to the mysterious biblical allure of the region.

The biggest tourist attractions include the 17th-century Khor Virap Monastery, an important pilgrimage site loomed over by the iconic Mount Ararat, where Noah is said to have landed the Ark; the Etchmiadzin Cathedral, reputed to be the oldest state-built church in the world; the 2,000-year-old Garni Temple, a gloriously well-preserved Pagan temple; the archaeological site of Carahunge, called the 'Stonehenge of Armenia'; and the UNESCO-listed Monastery of Geghard, built in 1215.

In the global imagination Armenia is also strongly associated with the horrific Armenian Genocide of 1915, during which Turkish troops killed about 1.5 million Armenians. This tragic history is memorialised at Tsitsernakaberd, part museum and part memorial, where travellers can learn about the Armenian holocaust and pay their respects.

Cafesjian Center for the Arts

Yerevan's Cascade Complex - an enormous white stairwell built into the hillside, replete with flowing water fountains…

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About 125 miles (200km) from Yerevan, near the Sisian River, stands Carahunge, an ancient astronomical observatory complex…

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Garni Temple

The Greco-Roman Garni Temple is a popular tourist attraction, putting the small, rural village of Garni on the map. This…

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The Monastery of Geghard

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Monastery of Geghard is by far and away Armenia's most memorable tourist attraction.…

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Tsitsernakaberd (Genocide Museum and Memorial)

Overlooking the city of Yerevan, Tsitsernakaberd is a memorial honouring the memory of the victims of the 1915 Armenian…

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