The beautiful country of Cameroon is situated on the Gulf of Guinea, on the west coast of Africa, sandwiched between the powerful Nigeria to the north and Equatorial Guinea to the south. Cameroon is often proudly called 'Africa in Minature' or 'Africa in One Country' due to the incredible variety of its natural landscapes which include tropical rainforests, beaches, mountains and deserts.
The area was a German protectorate until after World War I, when it was divided between the British and the French, with the French receiving the larger share and Britain controlling the northernmost strip along the Nigerian border. French Cameroon achieved independence in 1960, and the largely Christian southern third of British Cameroon voted to join the Republic of Cameroon the following year. The northern two-thirds of British Cameroon, mainly Muslim, eventually joined Nigeria. In recent years Cameroon has performed well economically and today the country enjoys more political and social stability than most African countries but many people still live in poverty and the country is run by an authoritarian president.
Tourism is limited but has been steadily increasing as people discover the charm and remarkable diversity of Cameroon. The country's relative stability and above average infrastructure make it a good choice for those tourists keen to travel off the beaten track in Africa. Moreover, visitors are attracted by the friendliness and hospitality of the locals as well as the rich cultural traditions. The national parks and reserves in Cameroon lay claim to some of the richest flora and fauna in Africa. Southwest Cameroon is a mountainous region dominated by the highest mountain in West Africa, and Africa's highest active volcano, Mt Cameroon, which sits on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea and is a popular mountaineering destination. On the coast there are lovely beaches around Limbé and at Kribi, while the north of the country boasts Cameroon's most famous national park, Waza National Park, with its huge numbers of elephant, giraffe, lion, antelope and birdlife. Yaoundé, the capital city, is situated on seven hills and has modern hotels, shops and markets. However, Douala is the biggest city and Cameroon's economic capital, positioned on the Wouri River a few miles from the coast.
Cameroon is a great destination for adventurous travellers keen to experience a still relatively undiscovered African paradise which has a wealth of natural attractions to offer. As the name 'Africa in One Country' promises, a holiday in Cameroon is rewarding in its variety.
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