Wordtravels

Wordtravels

 

 

 

 

 

Canada Travel Information

The Basics

Time

Canada covers six time zones, from GMT -8 in the west to GMT -3.5 in the east.

Electricity

Electrical current is 110 volts, 60Hz. American-style flat two-pin plugs and a plug with a third round grounding pin are standard.

Language

The official languages are English and French (spoken predominantly in Quebec).

Travel Health

No vaccinations are necessary for travel to Canada. Medical care is excellent, but expensive, so medical insurance is advised.

Tipping

There is no service charge added to restaurant bills in Canada and staff expect a tip of around 15 percent. Hairdressers and taxi drivers are also usually tipped at the same rate, while bellhops, doormen, porters and similar service providers at hotels, airports and stations are generally paid C$1 per item of luggage carried. Tour guides and bus drivers should generally receive C$3-C$5 per day. It has become more common for places with counter service to display 'tip jars', but in such cases tipping is not necessary.

Safety Information

Most visits to Canada are trouble-free. The country is politically stable, but does share the common international risk of terrorism. There have been no recent terrorism events. The crime rate is low, but travellers are advised to take sensible precautions to safeguard their belongings, as they would anywhere. Canada is prone to tornadoes between May and September.

Local Customs

Smoking bans have been implemented in Canada in enclosed public places such as restaurants, bars and shopping malls.

Business

Vancouver, Toronto, Calgary and Montreal are the main business centres. English is the language of business except in French-speaking Quebec, where all written material and business cards should be in French. Business cards are not traditionally exchanged during an initial meeting, but at some appropriate time thereafter; it is best to wait for the host to offer theirs first.

A firm handshake is used by way of greeting, and meetings tend to begin on time so punctuality should be taken seriously, as should appearance. Canadians dress conservatively and smartly for business meetings and suits are the norm. Gifts can be given in conclusion to celebrate a deal, but should be understated; taking someone out for a meal is a popular way to conclude business dealings. Canadians are reserved and frown on emotional outbursts. Business is based on facts and figures rather than relationships, so it is best to be as prepared as possible for meetings. Hours of business are usually 9am to 5pm Monday to Friday.

Communications

The international access code for Canada is +1. The outgoing code is 011 followed by the relevant country code (e.g. 01144 for the United Kingdom); the outgoing code is not necessary for calls to the US and the Caribbean. The area code for Ottawa is (1)613, and (1)416 for Toronto. Internet cafes are widely available. Most international mobile phone companies have roaming agreements with Canadian operators; however, it may be cheaper to buy a pay-as-you-go SIM card if visiting the country for long periods.

Duty Free

Travellers to Canada are allowed to enter the country with the following items without incurring custom duties: gifts to the value of C$60 per recipient (excluding advertising material, tobacco and alcoholic beverages); 200 cigarettes, 50 cigars or cigarillos and 200g of tobacco or 200 tobacco sticks; 1.14 litres of liquor or wine or 24 x 355ml bottles or cans of beer or ale. There are strict regulations governing the import of the following: explosives, endangered animal and plant species, items of heritage, fresh foodstuffs and weapons. The plant Qhat (Khat) is illegal in Canada and prison sentences are heavy.

Become our Canada Travel Expert

We are looking for contributors for our Canada travel guide. If you are a local, a regular traveller to Canada or a travel professional with time to contribute and answer occasional forum questions, please contact us.

  URI STRING  
/Travelguide/Countries/Canada/basics
  CLASS/METHOD  
countries/index
  MEMORY USAGE  
1,691,736 bytes
  BENCHMARKS  
Loading Time Base Classes  0.0014
Controller Execution Time ( Countries / Index )  0.1140
Total Execution Time  0.1158
  GET DATA  
No GET data exists
  POST DATA  
No POST data exists
  DATABASE:  globe_media   QUERIES: 39   
0.0005   INSERT INTO `ci_sessions(`session_id`, `ip_address`, `user_agent`, `last_activity`) VALUES ('f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458''54.82.74.80''CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)'1408588267) 
0.0006   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0029   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0020   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0025   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0021   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0020   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0006   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = 'a:1:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = 'a:2:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:6:\"Canada\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1408588267, `user_data` = 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:6:\"Canada\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:6:\"basics\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0006   SELECT *
FROM (`config_categories`)
WHERE `type` = 'left'
AND `parent_category_idIN (SELECT id FROM config_categories WHERE link "/countries")
AND `
display_order` != '0'
ORDER BY `display_order
0.0007   SELECT `province_code`, `province_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`provincesp)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `p`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Canada'
ORDER BY `p`.`province_name
0.0039   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Canada"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Canada"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0029   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Canada"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Canada"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0014   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
FROM 
(`resortsr)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Canada'
AND `attr_ski_chk` != "Yes"
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0012   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
FROM 
(`resortsr)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Canada'
AND `attr_ski_chk` = 'Yes'
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0013   SELECT `iata_code`, `name`, `url_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`port_of_callpc)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `pc`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Canada'
ORDER BY `pc`.`name
0.0006   SELECT *
FROM (`config_nodescn)
JOIN `config_nodes_categoriescnc ON `cnc`.`node_id` = `cn`.`id`
WHERE `cnc`.`category_idIN (select id from config_categories where link "/basics")
ORDER BY `cn`.`position`, `cnc`.`display_order
0.0034   SELECT `id`, `headline`, `via_title`, `via_link`, `body`, `event_date`, `end_date`, `anchor_link`
FROM (`news`)
WHERE `for_pro` = 1
AND `end_date` >  '2014-08-21'
AND `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Canada") 
0.0008   SELECT *
FROM (`tour_operators`)
WHERE `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Canada")
AND `
show_in_column` = 1
ORDER BY 
`show_in_columnDESC, `name
0.0005   SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Canada" 
0.0019   SELECT from tourop_list WHERE destinations LIKE '%CA%' ORDER BY id DESC 
0.0005   SELECT `country_code`
FROM (`countries`)
WHERE `country_name` = 'Canada' 
0.0161   SELECT d.id AS destination_idd.overview AS destination_overviewd.extended_overview AS destination_extended_overviewd.photo as destination_photod.*, c.*, 'Canada' AS country_nameLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.timed.electricityd.languaged.healthd.tippingd.safetyd.businessd.communicationsd.duty_free)) AS basicsLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.embassy_consulate_usd.embassy_consulate_ukd.embassy_consulate_cad.embassy_consulate_aud.embassy_consulate_ird.embassy_consulate_nz)) AS contacts(SELECT money FROM destinations WHERE country_code "CA" ) AS money(SELECT LENGTH(CONCAT_WS(passport_visaentry_req_usentry_req_ukentry_req_caentry_req_auentry_req_irentry_req_nz))
 
FROM destinations WHERE country_code "CA" ) AS visa(SELECT group_concat(id) FROM public_holiday p WHERE p.country_code "CA" order by p.weight desc) AS public_holiday(SELECT count(*) FROM tour_operators t where t.country_code d.country_code) AS num_tour_ops(SELECT count(id) AS total_rows FROM tourop_list tl WHERE tl.destinations LIKE ("%CA%")) AS num_tour_operators(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM port_of_call pc WHERE pc.country_code d.country_code) AS ports_of_call(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS cities(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS regions(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM resorts WHERE major_resort AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_resort DESCname ASC) AS resorts(SELECT count(*) FROM dmcs WHERE country_code d.country_code) AS num_dmcs(SELECT concat(caption" © "copyright) FROM images WHERE filename d.photo) AS photo_copyright(SELECT count(*) FROM airports ai where ai.nfuwt != AND ai.country_code d.country_code) AS num_airports(SELECT count(*) FROM events e where e.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country 1) AS num_events(SELECT count(*) FROM activities where region_city_code "0" AND country_code d.country_code) AS num_activities(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND excursion "No") AS num_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND show_on_kids AND excursion "No") AS num_kids_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND excursion "Yes") AS num_excursions(SELECT phrases FROM phrase_book pb where pb.country_code c.country_code AND phrases != "") AS num_phrases(SELECT count(*) FROM image_bridge ib LEFT OUTER JOIN images i ON ib.image_id=i.id WHERE ib.destination_code c.country_code) AS num_photos(SELECT count(*) FROM hospitals h where h.country_code c.country_code) AS num_hospitals
FROM 
(destinations d)
LEFT JOIN countries c ON c.country_code d.country_code
LEFT JOIN provinces pr ON pr
.province_code d.province_code
WHERE 
`c`.`country_name` = 'Canada' 
0.0007   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1408588267user_data 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:6:\"Canada\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:6:\"basics\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0005   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1408588267user_data 'a:4:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:6:\"Canada\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:6:\"basics\";s:6:\"region\";s:0:\"\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'f56d418bdbb6ae477cd5876b9651a458' 
0.0007   SELECT TagID FROM FORUM_DiscussionTags WHERE  Tag 'Canada'  
0.0007   SELECT DiscussionID FROM FORUM_DiscussionHasTags WHERE TagID IN (94)
                
GROUP BY DiscussionID HAVING COUNT(DiscussionID) = 
0.0033   SELECT od.`Name`, od.`DiscussionIDFROM FORUM_Discussion od
                    WHERE od
.`DiscussionIDIN ( 80,194,195,203,262,478,715,1012,1322,1386,1556,1699,1727,2468,2509,2606,2673,2739,2882,2984,3129,3269,3629,3644,3850,4129,4202,4259,4262,4438,4598,4633,4780,4904,4949,5019,5129,5318,5410,5909,5973,6185,6363,6375,6620,6644,6741,7078,7079,7080,7095,7197,7198,7199,7200,7267,7268,7422,7808,7938,8039,8160,8199,8201,8265,8306,8394,8640,8816,8817,8820,8821,8822,8962,8963,8986,9134,9160 ) ORDER BY od.`DateLastActiveDESC LIMIT 0 15
0.0008   SELECT i.*, e.fullnamee.bioe.pic FROM interviews i INNER JOIN experts e ON i.expert_id e.id
INNER JOIN countries c ON i
.spatial_id c.country_code WHERE i.interview_type 'country' AND c.country_name 'Canada' 
0.0072   SELECT TagID FROM FORUM_DiscussionTags WHERE  Tag 'Canada'  
0.0004   SELECT DiscussionID FROM FORUM_DiscussionHasTags WHERE TagID IN (94)
                
GROUP BY DiscussionID HAVING COUNT(DiscussionID) = 
0.0004   SELECT od.`Name`, od.`DiscussionIDFROM FORUM_Discussion od
                    WHERE od
.`DiscussionIDIN ( 80,194,195,203,262,478,715,1012,1322,1386,1556,1699,1727,2468,2509,2606,2673,2739,2882,2984,3129,3269,3629,3644,3850,4129,4202,4259,4262,4438,4598,4633,4780,4904,4949,5019,5129,5318,5410,5909,5973,6185,6363,6375,6620,6644,6741,7078,7079,7080,7095,7197,7198,7199,7200,7267,7268,7422,7808,7938,8039,8160,8199,8201,8265,8306,8394,8640,8816,8817,8820,8821,8822,8962,8963,8986,9134,9160 ) ORDER BY od.`DateLastActiveDESC LIMIT 0 15