Introducing Czech Republic

Prague Bridges spanning the river Vltava © Czech Tourism

Czech Republic Travel Guide

The Czech Republic has become one of Europe's tourist gems, welcoming millions of eager visitors each year. The country abounds with interesting cultural sights and attractions, lays claim to a spectacular countryside, boasts an unusually rowdy nightlife, and has one of the most beautiful capital cities in the world.

The city of Prague is amazingly untouched by the brutalities of war, its city centre is a remarkably well-preserved record of more than 600 years of leading European architecture. Tourists going to Prague are encouraged to explore the downtown historical area (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) on foot, in order to get a full sense of the overwhelming majesty of the place. The view in every direction in downtown Prague counts as a cultural sight, but stand-out tourist attractions include Frank Gehry's Dancing House and Old Town (Staré Mesto), linked by the Charles Bridge, the most-photographed sight in the city.

Less than 10 percent of people who holiday in the Czech Republic venture out of Prague, which is a mistake as much of the countryside - mountainous and forested and quilted in farmland - is stunning, and is dotted with gorgeous historical towns and villages that make for excellent daytrips and overnight stops. Roughly divided between the regions of Bohemia in the west and Moravia in the east, there is a wealth of interesting things to see and do outside of Prague, including visiting the impossibly picturesque medieval towns of Holasovice and Cesky Krumlov.

A thrilling place to visit for culture-lovers and party animals alike, the Czech Republic is a sure bet for those looking for an unforgettable Eastern European holiday destination.

Best time to visit

A good time to visit the Czech Republic is in May or September, when the weather is mild and Prague is not too crowded. The country is wonderfully warm in July and August and this is the peak tourism season. Although a little chillier, April and October are also good months to visit the Czech Republic, as they fall outside the regular tourist seasons and accommodation is generally cheaper and more plentiful. Read more about the Czech Republic's Climate and Weather.

What to see in the Czech Republic

-Downtown Prague is an architectural wonderland, brimming with medieval, Baroque and Art Nouveau buildings.

-Located within Prague's Castle District (Hradeany), the Gothic spires and gleaming exterior of the St Vitus Cathedral are matched by the finery of its richly-gilded interior.

-Check out the surreal statue of Kafka located close to the Spanish Synagogue, and the Franz Kafka Museum in the Malá Strana area.

-Sedlec's Kostnice Ossuary, a medieval Gothic chapel decorated with the remains of 40,000 human skeletons, is certainly a unique sight, and not one travellers to the Czech Republic will forget in a hurry. Read more about Czech Republic Attractions.

What to do in the Czech Republic

-Head east of Prague to the Bohemian village of Cesky Krumlov, a wonderfully preserved, traffic-free medieval village that just begs to be photographed.

-Relax in Karlovy Vary (also known as Karlsbad), the biggest and most developed of the Czech Republic's spa resort towns.

-Go out on the town and sample the legendary Prague nightlife.

-Take a trip to Brno, the largest city in Moravia, where fine local wine and a great selection of museums and other cultural sights (including the Museum of Gypsy Culture) await.

Getting to the Czech Republic

There are direct cheap flights to the Czech Republic available from both the UK and the USA. Most tourists book flights to Prague-Ruzyne International Airport, located just 10 miles (16km) northwest of the capital city. Get more information on Czech Republic Airports.


The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundera, The Metamorphosis and Other Stories by Frank Kafka, Despair by Valdimir Nabokov, and The Prague Orgy by Philip Roth.


Lucie, Sto Zvirat, Cechomor, and Poutnici.


The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988), Closely Watched Trains (1966), Amadeus (1984), and Der Golem (1915).


Local Czech beer (pivo). For teetotallers, the national soft drink is kofola - almost like cola.


Local Czech pub food: favourites dishes include smoked mackerel, raw beef on deep fried toast and 'head cheese' (bits of meat suspended in aspic).

What to buy

Crystal and glass products (Moser Glass is a quality manufacturer), Czech porcelain (look for the distinctive 'blue onion' pattern), Bohemian garnet jewellery (ideally set in silver or pewter) and Czech marionettes.

What to pack

Comfortable walking shoes, as not only is Prague best explored on foot, but there are some wonderful hiking opportunities in the Czech countryside.

What's on in the Czech Republic

Prague hosts one of the biggest New Year's Eve parties in Europe. The Prague Spring (May/June) is simply one of the world's greatest classical music festivals. Forget Oktoberfest, the Czech Republic's Pilsner Fest (August) is the place to go for beer connoisseurs. The Prague Writers' Festival (May/June) is an excellent festival, attended by leading members of Europe's literati. More information on Czech Republic Events.

Did you know?

-Per capita, the Czechs are the world's heaviest beer-drinkers.

-The sugar cube was invented in the Czech Republic in 1843.

-There are more than 2,000 castles, keeps and castle ruins in the Czech Republic, giving the country the third highest density of castles in the world.

A final word

Whether you're seeking high culture, some quality time in the great outdoors, or a bit of fun in the sun, the Czech Republic is a sure-fire winner for those on holiday in Europe.

Become our Czech Republic Travel Expert

We are looking for contributors for our Czech Republic travel guide. If you are a local, a regular traveller to Czech Republic or a travel professional with time to contribute and answer occasional forum questions, please contact us.

1,610,072 bytes
Loading Time Base Classes  0.0497
Controller Execution Time ( Countries / Index )  0.1211
Total Execution Time  0.1715
No GET data exists
No POST data exists
  DATABASE:  globe_media   QUERIES: 36   
0.0006   INSERT INTO `ci_sessions(`session_id`, `ip_address`, `user_agent`, `last_activity`) VALUES ('58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e''''CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)'1419270364) 
0.0007   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0003   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = 'a:1:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = 'a:2:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:14:\"Czech Republic\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419270364, `user_data` = 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:14:\"Czech Republic\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0005   SELECT *
FROM (`config_categories`)
WHERE `type` = 'left'
AND `parent_category_idIN (SELECT id FROM config_categories WHERE link "/countries")
display_order` != '0'
ORDER BY `display_order
0.0010   SELECT `province_code`, `province_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`provincesp)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `p`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Czech Republic'
ORDER BY `p`.`province_name
0.0034   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Czech Republic"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Czech Republic"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0031   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Czech Republic"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Czech Republic"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0019   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Czech Republic'
AND `attr_ski_chk` != "Yes"
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0015   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Czech Republic'
AND `attr_ski_chk` = 'Yes'
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0012   SELECT `iata_code`, `name`, `url_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`port_of_callpc)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `pc`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Czech Republic'
ORDER BY `pc`.`name
0.0005   SELECT *
FROM (`config_nodescn)
JOIN `config_nodes_categoriescnc ON `cnc`.`node_id` = `cn`.`id`
WHERE `cnc`.`category_idIN (select id from config_categories where link "/overview")
ORDER BY `cn`.`position`, `cnc`.`display_order
0.0042   SELECT `id`, `headline`, `via_title`, `via_link`, `body`, `event_date`, `end_date`, `anchor_link`
FROM (`news`)
WHERE `for_pro` = 1
AND `end_date` >  '2014-12-22'
AND `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Czech Republic") 
0.0009   SELECT *
FROM (`tour_operators`)
WHERE `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Czech Republic")
show_in_column` = 1
`show_in_columnDESC, `name
0.0005   SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Czech Republic" 
0.0016   SELECT from tourop_list WHERE destinations LIKE '%CZ%' ORDER BY id DESC 
0.0003   SELECT `country_code`
FROM (`countries`)
WHERE `country_name` = 'Czech Republic' 
0.0151   SELECT d.id AS destination_idd.overview AS destination_overviewd.extended_overview AS destination_extended_overviewd.photo as destination_photod.*, c.*, 'Czech Republic' AS country_nameLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.timed.electricityd.languaged.healthd.tippingd.safetyd.businessd.communicationsd.duty_free)) AS basicsLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.embassy_consulate_usd.embassy_consulate_ukd.embassy_consulate_cad.embassy_consulate_aud.embassy_consulate_ird.embassy_consulate_nz)) AS contacts(SELECT money FROM destinations WHERE country_code "CZ" ) AS money(SELECT LENGTH(CONCAT_WS(passport_visaentry_req_usentry_req_ukentry_req_caentry_req_auentry_req_irentry_req_nz))
FROM destinations WHERE country_code "CZ" ) AS visa(SELECT group_concat(id) FROM public_holiday p WHERE p.country_code "CZ" order by p.weight desc) AS public_holiday(SELECT count(*) FROM tour_operators t where t.country_code d.country_code) AS num_tour_ops(SELECT count(id) AS total_rows FROM tourop_list tl WHERE tl.destinations LIKE ("%CZ%")) AS num_tour_operators(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM port_of_call pc WHERE pc.country_code d.country_code) AS ports_of_call(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS cities(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS regions(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM resorts WHERE major_resort AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_resort DESCname ASC) AS resorts(SELECT count(*) FROM dmcs WHERE country_code d.country_code) AS num_dmcs(SELECT concat(caption" © "copyright) FROM images WHERE filename d.photo) AS photo_copyright(SELECT count(*) FROM airports ai where ai.nfuwt != AND ai.country_code d.country_code) AS num_airports(SELECT count(*) FROM events e where e.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country 1) AS num_events(SELECT count(*) FROM activities where region_city_code "0" AND country_code d.country_code) AS num_activities(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND excursion "No") AS num_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND show_on_kids AND excursion "No") AS num_kids_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND excursion "Yes") AS num_excursions(SELECT phrases FROM phrase_book pb where pb.country_code c.country_code AND phrases != "") AS num_phrases(SELECT count(*) FROM image_bridge ib LEFT OUTER JOIN images i ON ib.image_id=i.id WHERE ib.destination_code c.country_code) AS num_photos(SELECT count(*) FROM hospitals h where h.country_code c.country_code) AS num_hospitals
(destinations d)
LEFT JOIN countries c ON c.country_code d.country_code
LEFT JOIN provinces pr ON pr
.province_code d.province_code
`c`.`country_name` = 'Czech Republic' 
0.0005   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1419270364user_data 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:14:\"Czech Republic\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0005   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1419270364user_data 'a:4:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:14:\"Czech Republic\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";s:6:\"region\";s:0:\"\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '58417eb77b7a08e0dc1eeb2e92a4600e' 
0.0009   SELECT i.*, e.fullnamee.bioe.pic FROM interviews i INNER JOIN experts e ON i.expert_id e.id
INNER JOIN countries c ON i
.spatial_id c.country_code WHERE i.interview_type 'country' AND c.country_name 'Czech Republic' 
0.0015   SELECT TagID FROM FORUM_DiscussionTags WHERE  Tag 'Czech Republic'  
0.0006   SELECT DiscussionID FROM FORUM_DiscussionHasTags WHERE TagID IN (4064)
GROUP BY DiscussionID HAVING COUNT(DiscussionID) = 
0.0006   SELECT od.`Name`, od.`DiscussionIDFROM FORUM_Discussion od
                    WHERE od
.`DiscussionIDIN ( 2011,4470,5463,7179,9007 ) ORDER BY od.`DateLastActiveDESC LIMIT 0 15