Introducing Libya

Leptis Magna amphitheatre ©

*Libya is currently in the aftermath of a civil war, and is still struggling with rebel insurgency. Safety in Libya is far from certain and most governments advise against all but essentail travel to the country.

Oil-rich Libya has had a tumultuous history and many have wrestled for control of this fascinating and beautiful land. Tucked between Egypt and Tunisia, and bordering on the Mediterranean Sea, Libya has seen invasions by Turks, Vandals, Byzantines, Romans, Arabs and Italians; only gaining independence in 1951. These various civilisations have left their mark, particularly evident in the striking Roman and Greek ruins at Leptis Magna, Cyrene and Sabratha, though Libya remains quintessentially Arabic - evident in the Medina (old city) of the capital Tripoli, the nomadic lifestyle of desert-dwelling Bedouin and Berber tribes, and the language, culture and customs of the people.

Tripoli, in the northeast, is the country's main port, and is a bustling city dominated by the splendid Assaraya al-Hamra (Red Castle), a large palace complex, as well as the walls and gates of the Medina. Filled with orange groves, grapevines, palms and olive trees, the lush city is home to several interesting mosques, museums and historical sites, as well as modern amenities. Its ideal location on the Mediterranean makes it a popular attraction for locals and tourists alike. Benghazi is Libya's second largest city and is chiefly more modern in flavour, having been all but destroyed during World War II, though one can still enjoy the lively local souqs (markets), and it acts as a good base from which to explore the neighbouring Green Mountain area, as well as several Roman ruin sites along the coast.

Libya is largely an undiscovered tourist destination, due to sanctions imposed on the country through its rocky political history, including participation in several acts of terrorism (including the 1988 bombing of a PanAm flight near Lockerbie in Scotland) and the support by 'Guide of the Revolution' Colonel Mu'ammar al Qadhafi of various international terrorist and revolutionary organisations. Sanctions, however, were lifted in 2003, once the Lockerbie incident had finally been resolved, and the Libyan government ceased production of weapons of mass destruction. This has seen a rise in tourism and an increased interest in the country, with a number of resorts springing up along its Mediterranean coast. Although 90 percent of Libya is desert or semi-desert, there are breathtaking oases to be discovered, ruins to explore, cities to investigate, beaches to laze on and of course, the hospitality and friendliness of its people to enjoy.

Become our Libya Travel Expert

We are looking for contributors for our Libya travel guide. If you are a local, a regular traveller to Libya or a travel professional with time to contribute and answer occasional forum questions, please contact us.

Intrepid Travel

Intrepid Travel, one of the world's leading suppliers of small group adventures focused on getting off the beaten track, interacting with the locals and having real life experiences throughout Libya.



1,555,408 bytes
Loading Time Base Classes  0.1522
Controller Execution Time ( Countries / Index )  0.1179
Total Execution Time  0.2705
No GET data exists
No POST data exists
  DATABASE:  globe_media   QUERIES: 36   
0.0006   INSERT INTO `ci_sessions(`session_id`, `ip_address`, `user_agent`, `last_activity`) VALUES ('d8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b''''CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)'1419184842) 
0.0014   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0011   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0010   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0009   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0010   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0008   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0009   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0083   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0014   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = 'a:1:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0007   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = 'a:2:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:5:\"Libya\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0012   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1419184842, `user_data` = 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:5:\"Libya\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0006   SELECT *
FROM (`config_categories`)
WHERE `type` = 'left'
AND `parent_category_idIN (SELECT id FROM config_categories WHERE link "/countries")
display_order` != '0'
ORDER BY `display_order
0.0007   SELECT `province_code`, `province_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`provincesp)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `p`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Libya'
ORDER BY `p`.`province_name
0.0026   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Libya"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Libya"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0024   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Libya"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Libya"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0014   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Libya'
AND `attr_ski_chk` != "Yes"
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0015   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Libya'
AND `attr_ski_chk` = 'Yes'
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0013   SELECT `iata_code`, `name`, `url_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`port_of_callpc)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `pc`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Libya'
ORDER BY `pc`.`name
0.0005   SELECT *
FROM (`config_nodescn)
JOIN `config_nodes_categoriescnc ON `cnc`.`node_id` = `cn`.`id`
WHERE `cnc`.`category_idIN (select id from config_categories where link "/overview")
ORDER BY `cn`.`position`, `cnc`.`display_order
0.0034   SELECT `id`, `headline`, `via_title`, `via_link`, `body`, `event_date`, `end_date`, `anchor_link`
FROM (`news`)
WHERE `for_pro` = 1
AND `end_date` >  '2014-12-21'
AND `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Libya") 
0.0021   SELECT *
FROM (`tour_operators`)
WHERE `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Libya")
show_in_column` = 1
`show_in_columnDESC, `name
0.0007   SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Libya" 
0.0009   SELECT from tourop_list WHERE destinations LIKE '%LY%' ORDER BY id DESC 
0.0005   SELECT `country_code`
FROM (`countries`)
WHERE `country_name` = 'Libya' 
0.0162   SELECT d.id AS destination_idd.overview AS destination_overviewd.extended_overview AS destination_extended_overviewd.photo as destination_photod.*, c.*, 'Libya' AS country_nameLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.timed.electricityd.languaged.healthd.tippingd.safetyd.businessd.communicationsd.duty_free)) AS basicsLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.embassy_consulate_usd.embassy_consulate_ukd.embassy_consulate_cad.embassy_consulate_aud.embassy_consulate_ird.embassy_consulate_nz)) AS contacts(SELECT money FROM destinations WHERE country_code "LY" ) AS money(SELECT LENGTH(CONCAT_WS(passport_visaentry_req_usentry_req_ukentry_req_caentry_req_auentry_req_irentry_req_nz))
FROM destinations WHERE country_code "LY" ) AS visa(SELECT group_concat(id) FROM public_holiday p WHERE p.country_code "LY" order by p.weight desc) AS public_holiday(SELECT count(*) FROM tour_operators t where t.country_code d.country_code) AS num_tour_ops(SELECT count(id) AS total_rows FROM tourop_list tl WHERE tl.destinations LIKE ("%LY%")) AS num_tour_operators(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM port_of_call pc WHERE pc.country_code d.country_code) AS ports_of_call(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS cities(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS regions(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM resorts WHERE major_resort AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_resort DESCname ASC) AS resorts(SELECT count(*) FROM dmcs WHERE country_code d.country_code) AS num_dmcs(SELECT concat(caption" © "copyright) FROM images WHERE filename d.photo) AS photo_copyright(SELECT count(*) FROM airports ai where ai.nfuwt != AND ai.country_code d.country_code) AS num_airports(SELECT count(*) FROM events e where e.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country 1) AS num_events(SELECT count(*) FROM activities where region_city_code "0" AND country_code d.country_code) AS num_activities(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND excursion "No") AS num_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND show_on_kids AND excursion "No") AS num_kids_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND excursion "Yes") AS num_excursions(SELECT phrases FROM phrase_book pb where pb.country_code c.country_code AND phrases != "") AS num_phrases(SELECT count(*) FROM image_bridge ib LEFT OUTER JOIN images i ON ib.image_id=i.id WHERE ib.destination_code c.country_code) AS num_photos(SELECT count(*) FROM hospitals h where h.country_code c.country_code) AS num_hospitals
(destinations d)
LEFT JOIN countries c ON c.country_code d.country_code
LEFT JOIN provinces pr ON pr
.province_code d.province_code
`c`.`country_name` = 'Libya' 
0.0005   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1419184842user_data 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:5:\"Libya\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0005   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1419184842user_data 'a:4:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:5:\"Libya\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";s:6:\"region\";s:0:\"\";}' WHERE `session_id` = 'd8591287705c0cf3b53a4f7a4763010b' 
0.0009   SELECT i.*, e.fullnamee.bioe.pic FROM interviews i INNER JOIN experts e ON i.expert_id e.id
INNER JOIN countries c ON i
.spatial_id c.country_code WHERE i.interview_type 'country' AND c.country_name 'Libya' 
0.0006   SELECT TagID FROM FORUM_DiscussionTags WHERE  Tag 'Libya'  
0.0006   SELECT DiscussionID FROM FORUM_DiscussionHasTags WHERE TagID IN (104)
GROUP BY DiscussionID HAVING COUNT(DiscussionID) = 
0.0009   SELECT od.`Name`, od.`DiscussionIDFROM FORUM_Discussion od
                    WHERE od
.`DiscussionIDIN ( 104,312,999,1000,1003,1101,1387,1820,2082,2083,2679,3826,3964,5034,5088,5274,5276,5279,5462 ) ORDER BY od.`DateLastActiveDESC LIMIT 0 15