Wordtravels

Wordtravels

Introducing Mali

#
Djenne mosque © Galen R Frysinger

Mali, one of the poorest countries in the world, is rich in mystery and majesty, offering some of Africa's most fascinating cultural sites and spectacular surreal scenery. The landlocked Republic is the largest country in West Africa, surrounded by seven other states and traversed, in its central and south-eastern sector, by the great Niger River.

The country's best known city is the fabled Timbuktu, in ancient times the powerful, wealthy centre of Mali's Mandinka Empire, and now a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is in danger of being swallowed up by the desert sands. Mali's importance waned in the 16th century as the trans-Saharan caravan trading routes lost ground to European sea traders. Imperial power in Mali was replaced by French colonialism and ultimately, in 1960, independence, which has failed to bring prosperity. The Niger River is the centre of industry and commerce, vital for the livelihood of a nation whose people are overwhelmingly poor farmers and fishermen.

As Africa opens up to travellers, however, Mali is once again featuring large on the map, with its variety of unusual sights and experiences, from camel treks through stunning desert landscapes to hikes along the Bandiagara Escarpment where the Dogon people live, steeped in their unique mythology and art. In the medieval city of Djenne tourists marvel at the exquisite mosque, largest mud building in the world, and centre of the country's predominant Islamic faith. Even the modern capital, Bamako, offers exotic sights and sounds among its dusty streets, and several worthwhile museums. Many visitors opt for the lively town of Mopti, built on three islands, where the market is just bursting with arts and crafts and from whence river cruisers set out along the Niger.

The name Timbuktu has long been colloquially used in English and other languages to denote the epitome of nowhere. A trip to Mali today, however, is certainly not a dead end but an intriguing journey of discovery.

Become our Mali Travel Expert

We are looking for contributors for our Mali travel guide. If you are a local, a regular traveller to Mali or a travel professional with time to contribute and answer occasional forum questions, please contact us.

Intrepid Travel

Intrepid Travel is one of the world's leading suppliers of small group adventures focused on getting off the beaten track and having real life experiences in Mali.

ADVERTISEMENT


 

  URI STRING  
/Travelguide/Countries/Mali/Overview
  CLASS/METHOD  
countries/index
  MEMORY USAGE  
1,519,912 bytes
  BENCHMARKS  
Loading Time Base Classes  0.0702
Controller Execution Time ( Countries / Index )  0.1515
Total Execution Time  0.2223
  GET DATA  
No GET data exists
  POST DATA  
No POST data exists
  DATABASE:  globe_media   QUERIES: 36   
0.0005   INSERT INTO `ci_sessions(`session_id`, `ip_address`, `user_agent`, `last_activity`) VALUES ('518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0''54.211.180.175''CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)'1413965540) 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0004   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = '' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0006   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = 'a:1:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0006   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = 'a:2:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:4:\"Mali\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0005   UPDATE `ci_sessionsSET `last_activity` = 1413965540, `user_data` = 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:4:\"Mali\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0005   SELECT *
FROM (`config_categories`)
WHERE `type` = 'left'
AND `parent_category_idIN (SELECT id FROM config_categories WHERE link "/countries")
AND `
display_order` != '0'
ORDER BY `display_order
0.0007   SELECT `province_code`, `province_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`provincesp)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `p`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Mali'
ORDER BY `p`.`province_name
0.0029   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Mali"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Mali"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0031   SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name  FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN countries c ON c.country_code rc.country_code LEFT JOIN provinces p ON rc.province_code p.province_code WHERE c.country_name "Mali"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != 1 UNION SELECT rc.id as regions_cities_idrc.region_namerc.major_cityrc.key_regionc.country_namep.province_name FROM regions_cities rc INNER JOIN provinces p ON p.province_code rc.province_code INNER JOIN countries c ON p.country_code c.country_code WHERE c.country_name "Mali"  AND rc.major_city AND rc.nfuwt != ORDER BY region_name  
0.0015   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
FROM 
(`resortsr)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Mali'
AND `attr_ski_chk` != "Yes"
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0032   SELECT `r`.`id` as resort_id, `r`.`name`, `r`.`major_resort`, `r`.`attr_ski_chk`, `r`.`attr_beach_chk`, `c`.`country_name`, (SELECT region_name FROM regions_cities WHERE country_code c.country_code AND id r.region_city_code) as region_name
FROM 
(`resortsr)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `r`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Mali'
AND `attr_ski_chk` = 'Yes'
ORDER BY `r`.`major_resortDESC, `r`.`name
0.0013   SELECT `iata_code`, `name`, `url_name`, `c`.`country_name`
FROM (`port_of_callpc)
LEFT JOIN `countriesON `c`.`country_code` = `pc`.`country_code`
WHERE `c`.`country_name` = 'Mali'
ORDER BY `pc`.`name
0.0059   SELECT *
FROM (`config_nodescn)
JOIN `config_nodes_categoriescnc ON `cnc`.`node_id` = `cn`.`id`
WHERE `cnc`.`category_idIN (select id from config_categories where link "/overview")
ORDER BY `cn`.`position`, `cnc`.`display_order
0.0032   SELECT `id`, `headline`, `via_title`, `via_link`, `body`, `event_date`, `end_date`, `anchor_link`
FROM (`news`)
WHERE `for_pro` = 1
AND `end_date` >  '2014-10-22'
AND `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Mali") 
0.0009   SELECT *
FROM (`tour_operators`)
WHERE `country_code` = (SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Mali")
AND `
show_in_column` = 1
ORDER BY 
`show_in_columnDESC, `name
0.0005   SELECT country_code FROM countries WHERE country_name "Mali" 
0.0008   SELECT from tourop_list WHERE destinations LIKE '%ML%' ORDER BY id DESC 
0.0005   SELECT `country_code`
FROM (`countries`)
WHERE `country_name` = 'Mali' 
0.0133   SELECT d.id AS destination_idd.overview AS destination_overviewd.extended_overview AS destination_extended_overviewd.photo as destination_photod.*, c.*, 'Mali' AS country_nameLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.timed.electricityd.languaged.healthd.tippingd.safetyd.businessd.communicationsd.duty_free)) AS basicsLENGTH(CONCAT_WS(d.embassy_consulate_usd.embassy_consulate_ukd.embassy_consulate_cad.embassy_consulate_aud.embassy_consulate_ird.embassy_consulate_nz)) AS contacts(SELECT money FROM destinations WHERE country_code "ML" ) AS money(SELECT LENGTH(CONCAT_WS(passport_visaentry_req_usentry_req_ukentry_req_caentry_req_auentry_req_irentry_req_nz))
 
FROM destinations WHERE country_code "ML" ) AS visa(SELECT group_concat(id) FROM public_holiday p WHERE p.country_code "ML" order by p.weight desc) AS public_holiday(SELECT count(*) FROM tour_operators t where t.country_code d.country_code) AS num_tour_ops(SELECT count(id) AS total_rows FROM tourop_list tl WHERE tl.destinations LIKE ("%ML%")) AS num_tour_operators(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM port_of_call pc WHERE pc.country_code d.country_code) AS ports_of_call(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS cities(SELECT group_concat(region_name) FROM regions_cities WHERE major_city AND nfuwt != AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_city DESCregion_name ASC) AS regions(SELECT group_concat(name) FROM resorts WHERE major_resort AND country_code d.country_code ORDER BY major_resort DESCname ASC) AS resorts(SELECT count(*) FROM dmcs WHERE country_code d.country_code) AS num_dmcs(SELECT concat(caption" © "copyright) FROM images WHERE filename d.photo) AS photo_copyright(SELECT count(*) FROM airports ai where ai.nfuwt != AND ai.country_code d.country_code) AS num_airports(SELECT count(*) FROM events e where e.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country 1) AS num_events(SELECT count(*) FROM activities where region_city_code "0" AND country_code d.country_code) AS num_activities(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND excursion "No") AS num_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND show_on_country AND show_on_kids AND excursion "No") AS num_kids_attractions(SELECT count(*) FROM attractions a where a.country_code d.country_code AND excursion "Yes") AS num_excursions(SELECT phrases FROM phrase_book pb where pb.country_code c.country_code AND phrases != "") AS num_phrases(SELECT count(*) FROM image_bridge ib LEFT OUTER JOIN images i ON ib.image_id=i.id WHERE ib.destination_code c.country_code) AS num_photos(SELECT count(*) FROM hospitals h where h.country_code c.country_code) AS num_hospitals
FROM 
(destinations d)
LEFT JOIN countries c ON c.country_code d.country_code
LEFT JOIN provinces pr ON pr
.province_code d.province_code
WHERE 
`c`.`country_name` = 'Mali' 
0.0007   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1413965540user_data 'a:3:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:4:\"Mali\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0006   UPDATE ci_sessions SET last_activity 1413965540user_data 'a:4:{s:16:\"destination_type\";s:9:\"Countries\";s:7:\"country\";s:4:\"Mali\";s:13:\"selected_node\";s:8:\"overview\";s:6:\"region\";s:0:\"\";}' WHERE `session_id` = '518e650a3eb609665e91e02862693bb0' 
0.0014   SELECT i.*, e.fullnamee.bioe.pic FROM interviews i INNER JOIN experts e ON i.expert_id e.id
INNER JOIN countries c ON i
.spatial_id c.country_code WHERE i.interview_type 'country' AND c.country_name 'Mali' 
0.0005   SELECT TagID FROM FORUM_DiscussionTags WHERE  Tag 'Mali'  
0.0006   SELECT DiscussionID FROM FORUM_DiscussionHasTags WHERE TagID IN (108)
                
GROUP BY DiscussionID HAVING COUNT(DiscussionID) = 
0.0012   SELECT od.`Name`, od.`DiscussionIDFROM FORUM_Discussion od
                    WHERE od
.`DiscussionIDIN ( 96,3169,3974,4061,5100 ) ORDER BY od.`DateLastActiveDESC LIMIT 0 15