Russian Ballet © Russian National Tourist Office
Russia Travel Guide
Simultaneously the land of Catherine the Great, Joseph Stalin and Vladimir Putin, Russia has captivated the minds of travellers for decades with an iron-curtained mystery. The largest country in the world has only opened up to travellers from the western world in the last several decades, and now adventurous wanderers are discovering the wonders of a holiday in Russia.
Most travellers in Russia focus their holidays on the western end of the country, where cosmopolitan cities like Moscow and St Petersburg offer world-class symphonies and ballets, and famous tourist attractions like the Kremlin, St Basil's Cathedral, and the Winter Palace. Far from the stereotypical picture of drab Communist-era concrete buildings, the cities are attractive and bustling with culture in the form of museums, art galleries, and nightlife.
Unbeknownst to many, Russia extends as far south as the Black Sea, and tourists in this area can take advantage of idyllic summer weather to relax in resorts like Kaliningrad, Sochi, Dagomys, and Gelendzhik, or take a cruise down the Volga River. In winter, skiers flock to the Caucasus region, heading to the slopes of Russian ski resorts like Dombai and Kransaya Polyana.
The west is only a small part of Russia's vast landscape, however most tourists never venture into the Russian Far East, home to port cities like Vladivostok and Khabarovsk that are made up of an interesting jumble of tsarist-era buildings and cosmopolitan sensibilities. For those that do, a six-day ride on the famed Trans-Siberian Railway is the perfect way to experience the Russian landscape.
Best time to visit Russia
In winter, the weather in Russia is bitterly cold, especially in Siberia. Most travellers prefer to visit in the warmer summer months; while it tends to be rainy in July and August, the best time to visit Russia is considered to be May and June or October and September. Read more on Russia's Climate and Weather.
What to see in Russia
-Watch a performance of Swan Lake at the renowned Bolshoi Ballet and Opera Theatre.
-Visit the Winter Palace and Hermitage Museum, home to the great art collections of the tsars.
What to do in Russia
-Ride the Trans-Siberian Railway from Moscow to Vladivostok.
-Go swimming on the beaches of Gelendzhik on Russia's Black Sea coast.
Getting to Russia
Getting to Russia from the UK is fairly simple, as there are direct cheap flights to Moscow and St Petersburg from London operating daily that take about four hours. There are no direct flights to Russia from the US, however connections in Europe are available. Most flights to Russia land at Moscow's Domodedovo Airport and St Petersburg's Pulkovo International Airport. Get more information on Russia Airports.
Russka by Edward Rutherford, Anna Karenina, The Romanov Prophecy by Steve Berry, and The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodr Dostoyevsky.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Sergei Prokofiev, and The Pyatnitsky Choir.
Dr Zhivago (1965), The Last Station (2009), and Enemy at the Gates (2001).
Vodka and Russian tea.
Pirozhki (baked or fried filled buns), blini (thin pancakes topped with sour cream, fruit, or caviar), and borshch (beet soup).
What to buy
Amber jewellery, mastreshkas (painted nesting dolls), and Lomonosov Porcelain.
What to pack
Bring all over-the-counter medications you'll need, as they are not always available in Russia. A pocket pack of tissues is also a good idea, as many toilet facilities lack paper.
What's on in Russia
The Maslenitsa Festival is a wild party of food, theatre and revelry in the week before Lent. The Stars of the White Nights Festival in St Petersburg is a great opportunity to see excellent Russian ballet and symphonic performances. More information on Events in Russia.
Did you know?
-The closest points of Russia and Alaska are only 2.5 miles (4km) apart.
-10 percent of the Russian government's income comes from the sale of vodka.
A final word
Far from a depressing Soviet wasteland, the iron curtain has lifted to reveal Russia as an increasingly popular holiday destination.
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Get off the beaten track in Russia with small group adventure tour operator Intrepid Travel.