National Museum of Rwanda in Butare © Amakuru
Once Rwanda's largest city, Butare (also known as Huye) is considered the intellectual capital of the country, whereas Kigali is considered the political hub. It is home to several important Rwandan landmarks, including the Christian Cathedral and the national University of Rwanda. The two most popular attractions in Butare, however, are the Ethnographic Museum of Rwanda, which chronicles the cultural history of the region through displays of photos and traditional artefacts; and Nyanza, the traditional seat of Rwanda's feudal monarchy and site of the restored 19th-century Royal Palace. Most of the palace's furniture and gifts from foreign dignitaries were stolen during the genocide, but it is still worth visiting.