Coimbra University ©
Coimbra was the birthplace of six Portugal's kings, with the country's first lying in a carved Gothic sarcophagus in the Monastery of Santa Cruz. There are several beautiful sites, such as the Machado de Castro museum and Conimbriga, which is a fascinating Roman archaeological site. There are also a number of pretty parks and gardens, beautifully juxtaposed with the medieval wonderland of cobbled alleys, archways and stairs of the city. Coimbra is also one of Europe's oldest university towns, with the first building founded in the 12th century. Its students swarm the streets, bringing a lively atmosphere to the restaurants, museums, galleries, bookstores and boutiques.