Mauritania Climate & Weather

Mauritania is dry, hot and dusty year-round but there is some variation in climate according to region: southern Mauritania has a Sahelian climate, with a short rainy season between July and September; the coastal region, including the capital city, Nouakchott, is semi-arid with oceanic trade winds; and the vast Sahara Desert dominates the northern two-thirds of the country. The year can be roughly divided into summer, between May and October, and winter, between November and April. The average temperature in Nouadhibou, a coastal city, ranges between 55°F and 79°F (13°C and 26°C) in January, and between 66°F and 90°F (19°C and 32°C) in October. The rainy season, between July and September, is the most humid period in the south, which can be uncomfortable. Most of Mauritania north of Atar has a Saharan climate. In this desert region daytime temperatures frequently exceed 100°F (38°C) for the hottest six months of the year, but the nights are cool year-round. The north receives very little rain, and the few downpours that do occur can come at any time of year.

The best time to visit Mauritania is between November and March, in the winter, when daytime temperatures are comfortably warm but not too hot and there is little chance of rain.

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